Seizure disorder, also known as epilepsy, is a neurological condition characterized by recurring seizures. Seizures are sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbances in the brain that can cause changes in behavior, movements, or consciousness.
Causes of Seizure Disorder
The causes of epilepsy can be divided into several categories:
Structural abnormalities in the brain: Brain damage, tumors, strokes, and other brain injuries can cause epilepsy.
Infections: Meningitis, encephalitis, and other infections can cause epilepsy.
Genetic factors: Some forms of epilepsy are inherited, and run in families.
Developmental disorders: Certain developmental disorders such as neurofibromatosis and tuberous sclerosis can increase the risk of epilepsy.
Lead poisoning: Lead poisoning can cause epilepsy in children.
Substance abuse: Alcohol and drug abuse can cause epilepsy.
Brain injury: Traumatic brain injury, such as a blow to the head, can cause epilepsy.
In many cases, the cause of epilepsy is unknown (idiopathic epilepsy).
Symptoms of Seizure Disorder
The symptoms of a seizure can vary depending on the type of seizure, but common symptoms include:
- Temporary confusion
- Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
- Loss of consciousness or awareness
- Staring spells
- Strange sensations or feelings, such as fear or déjà vu
- Psychotic or abnormal behaviors
- Loss of bladder control or bowel function.
Seizure Disorder Treatment
Seizure disorder is treated with medications (anticonvulsants), surgery, or a combination of both. The type of treatment depends on the type and severity of seizures and the individual’s specific needs and medical history. In some cases, dietary changes (e.g. ketogenic diet) or vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may also be recommended. We offer seizure disorder treatment in Arizona that includes detailed diagnosis and treatment plans tailored to individual needs.